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The Profile of Nagorno-Karabakh Between Armenia and Azerbaijan

The conflict of Nagorno-Karabakh has roots dating back well over a century into a competition between Christian Armenian and Muslim Turkic and Persian influences. The landlocked mountainous area of Nagorno-Karabakh is the subject of unresolved conflict between Azerbaijan and its ethnic Armenian majority, sponsored by neighboring Armenia. In 1988, towards the end of Soviet rule, Azerbaijani troops and Armenian secessionists started a bloody war that left the de facto independent state in possession of ethnic Armenians when a truce was signed in 1994. To date, talks have failed to bring about a lasting peace agreement, and the dispute remains one of the “frozen conflicts” of post-Soviet Europe.

Populated for centuries by Christian Armenians and Turkic Azeris, Karabakh became part of the Russian empire in the 19th century. Both parties existed in relative harmony until the violence on both sides in the early twentieth century. After World War I and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, the new Soviet rulers created the Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh, with an ethnic Armenian majority, within the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan in the early 1920s, as part of their divide-and-rule policy in the region. As Soviet influence was loosened towards the end of the 1980s, the smoldering Armenian-Azeri frictions erupted into violence when the regional parliament voted to enter Armenia. During the battle, which is estimated to have killed between 20,000 and 30,000 people, the Armenian ethnic group seized the area’s control. They also pushed to seize Azerbaijani territories outside Karabakh, establishing a buffer zone between Karabakh and Armenia. With the Soviet Union’s break-up at the end of 1991, Karabakh proclaimed itself an independent republic, further escalating the conflict into a full-scale war. That de facto status has not been recognized elsewhere. While Armenia itself has never officially recognized the country’s independence, it has become its prominent financial and military supporter.

Armistices

Karabakh is the Russian rendering of an Azeri word meaning ‘black garden,’ while Nagorno is a Russian word meaning “mountainous.” The ethnic Armenians prefer to call the region Artsakh, an ancient Armenian name for the area. A Russian-brokered ceasefire was signed in 1994, leaving Karabakh and swathes of Azeri territory around the enclave in Armenian hands. Meanwhile, Russia also has a military base in Armenia, which certainly depicts Armenia’s soft corner for Russia.

 During the fighting, in which more than one million fled their homes to certain areas, the ethnic Azeri population – about 25% of the total before the war – fled Karabakh and Armenia due to war subjects. In contrast, ethnic Armenians fled the rest of Azerbaijan. Neither population group has been able to return home since the end of the war and are forced to live there. Since the truce, a simmering stalemate has prevailed. Azeris resent the loss of land they regard as rightfully theirs, while the Armenians show no sign of willingness to give it back. The peace is disturbed as Nagorno-Karabakh is part of Azerbaijan, and all the world accept that yet the Armenians are pulling off the war and causing the deaths of thousands of innocents.

Anarchy or A Slab City?

In a December 2006 referendum, declared illegitimate by Azerbaijan, the region approved a new constitution. Nonetheless, there have since been signs of life in the peace process, with occasional meetings between the Armenian and Azeri presidents. Significant progress was reported at talks between the leaders in May and November 2009, but progress stalled, and since then, there have been several serious ceasefire violations. The most serious so far occurred in April 2016, when dozens of soldiers on both sides died in a fresh flare-up of hostilities.

To end the horrific and egregious turbulence in both the countries, the issue has been a hotspot these days, but no suitable solution has been drawn out till now. United Nations has been a fiasco as they have failed to solve the dispute of Kashmir, Nagorno-Karabakh, Kurds, Caspian Sea, and the annexation of the West Bank and whole Palestine in the recent years but further sapped the exacerbated conditions.

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The Chronicles of the Armenian Genocide by the Ottomans

At the onset of World War I, two million Armenians were living in the collapsing Ottoman Empire. By 1922, there were less than 400,000 of them. The others, about 1.5 million, were killed, massacred, and deported from their place, and that is what historians deem genocide.

As David Fromkin put it in his widely praised history of World War I and its aftermath, “A Peace to End All Peace”: “Rape and beating were commonplace. Those who were not killed at once were driven through mountains and deserts without food, drink, or shelter. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians eventually succumbed or were killed.” The genocide was the premeditated and systematic killing of millions of Armenians from April 1915 to 1917.

The Armenian Chronicles

The Armenian people have been living in the Caucasus region of Eurasia for some 3,000 years. For some time, the Kingdom of Armenia was an independent entity: at the beginning of the 4th century A.D., for instance, it became the first country in the world to make Christianity its official state religion.

But for the most part, the influence of the region has moved from one power to another. Armenia was incorporated into the mighty Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. The Ottoman rulers, like most of their subjects, were Muslims. They allowed religious minorities, such as the Armenians, to preserve some autonomy, but they also subjected the Armenians, whom they considered “infidels,” to unjust and unfair treatment. Christians had to pay higher taxes than Muslims, for example, and had minimal political and legal privileges. Despite these challenges, the Armenian culture thrived under the Ottoman rule. They appeared to be better educated and more affluent than their Turkish neighbors, who began to resent their success. This frustration was exacerbated by the presumption that Christian Armenians would be more loyal to Christian governments than the Ottoman government.

First Armenian Massacre

Between 1894 and 1896, Turkish Sultan Abdul Hamid II flushed the Armenians with a considerable thump of massacre and had sanctioned the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire who were the threat ever since the empire imposed Muslim law in the Ottoman empire’s area

In response to large-scale protests by Armenians, Turkish military officials, soldiers, and ordinary men sacked Armenian villages and cities and massacred their citizens. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians were murdered.

Young Turks and their Policy Towards Armenians

In 1908, a new government came to power in Turkey. A group of reformers who called themselves the “Young Turks” overthrew Sultan Abdul Hamid and established a more modern constitutional government with several reforms in the prior constitution.

At first, the Armenians were hopeful that they would have an equal place in this new state, but they soon learned that what the nationalistic Young Turks wanted most of all was to “Turkify” the empire. According to this way of thinking, non-Turks – and predominantly Christian non-Turks – were a grave threat to the new state.

The Inception of World War I

In 1914, on the side of Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Turks entered World War I. (At the same time, the Ottoman religious authorities proclaimed holy war on all Christians except their allies.)

Military leaders started to argue that the Armenians were turncoats: if they felt they could gain freedom if the Allies were victorious, the argument went, the Armenians would be willing to fight for the enemy. As the war escalated, Armenians formed volunteer battalions to support the Russian army battle the Turks in the Caucasus region. These incidents, along with general Turkish mistrust of the Armenian people, led the Turkish government to call for the “removal” of the Armenians from war zones along the Eastern Front.

Armenian Genocide’s Onset

The Armenian genocide began on April 24, 1915. That day, the Turkish government detained and executed a few hundred Armenian scholars. After that, ordinary Armenians turned out of their homes and sent to death marches through the Mesopotamian desert without food or water.

Frequently, the activists were stripped naked and forced to walk under the scorching sun until they fell dead. People who had stopped to rest were fired. At the same time, the Young Turks set up a “Special Organization” which, in turn, formed “killing squads” or “butcher battalions” to carry out, as one officer put it, “the liquidation of Christian elements.” These organizations were thumping the Armenians extremely and exacerbated the genocide to the furthest. 

Records show that during this “Turkification” drive, government squads also abducted children, converted them to Islam, and handed them over to Turkish families. In some areas, women were raped and forced to enter Turkish “harems” or work as slaves. Muslim families moved to the homes of deported Armenians and confiscated their lands. While accounts differ, most sources believe that there were around two million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire at the time of the massacre. When the genocide ended in 1922, only 388,000 Armenians remained in the Ottoman Empire.

After the Ottomans surrendered in 1918, the leaders of the Young Turks fled to Germany, which promised not to prosecute them for the genocide. (However, a group of Armenian nationalists devised a plan, known as Operation Nemesis, to track down and assassinate the leaders of the genocide.)

Ever since then, the Turkish government has denied that a genocide took place. The Armenians were an enemy force, they argue, and their slaughter was a necessary war measure. In March 2010, a U.S. Congressional panel voted to recognize the genocide. And on October 29, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a resolution that recognized the Armenian genocide.

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Bayern Munich and Their Transfer Policy

Bayern Munich; fresh from winning their 2nd treble in 8 years and eight consecutive Bundesliga titles along with a total of 11 in the past 15 years under different managers such as Jupp Heynckes, Ancelotti, Kovac, Flick, etc. Hollywood FC hailing from Bavaria, has dominated their league since its inception and like to keep it that way as they lead the Bundesliga title charts. In the past decade, the managers keep changing, but CEO Karl Heinze Rummenigge remains the same. He is the person who looks over the most critical aspects of the club that includes mostly the financial face of the club, and is equally involved with the sporting director Hassan Salihamdzic in any incomings or outgoings.

Bayern has a clear transfer strategy that includes the players being young, talented, cheap, and having a German core having a very high ceiling. Bayern is significantly more than stable financially. Still, they do not have the cash available to splash on the superstars in their primes such as Neymar to PSG, Coutinho to Barcelona, or even Hazard to Real Madrid. They do like to integrate youth into the first team. They have been continuously doing this for a more extended period with notable mentions of Thomas Muller, Philip Lahm, etc., but most of the youth is not from the Bavarian academy. FC Hollywood’s transfer policy also includes buying youth prospects from other Bundesliga teams and proving their worth in the Bayern II team. Joshua Kimmich being the prime example, which is one of the most underrated players in the world and has the capability of playing easily in more than one position without missing a heartbeat. Even if it doesn’t work out, they can be sold to other Bundesliga teams for a profit, which is a win-win situation for both parties.

Bayern Munich, as a whole, never intend to buy superstars for their team. This policy for their search of world-class players started in 2006. Franck Ribery had a stunning world cup and was constantly being linked with the Bavarian giants, but they made their move after a year, which ticks their policy boxes. Having won so many trophies in their domestic league, the shining silverware attracts many players from the league within, and they take the whole advantage of these situations. Rival clubs have seen many players join the second most hated club in Germany after RB Leipzig for peanuts or almost nothing. Schalke and Borussia Dortmund can bear witness to this fact. Manuel Neuer, Leon Goretzka, and Robert Lewandowski joined from Schalke and BVB, respectively, all for free, and now they are the undisputed starters for their treble-winning first team. Alexander Nubel is another one joining them by running his contract down and joining their fierce rivals, and to be honest, there is not much they could do to stop him from joining. Running one’s deal down is not always a good idea, in this case, the example being Max Meyer, who waited for Bayern Munich or even BVB, but neither came to his rescue and was forced to find a club abroad who could afford his wage demands.

Moving to the intercontinental business model of Bayern’s transfer policy, there is only one signing in their history, which is more than 50 million euros. This was in Lucas Hernandes, who cost them a hefty amount of money, costing them 80 million euros because of the release clause system in Spain and being a recent part of a world cup winning team Atletico Madrid would not budge on anything less than the given amount. Other transfers include:

  • Arjen Robben: Chelsea to Bayern for 25 million euros
  • Javi Martinez: Athletic Bilbao to Bayern for 40 million euros
  • Thiago Alcantara: Barcelona to Bayern for 30 million euros
  • Kingsley Coman: Juventus to Bayern for almost 28 million euros
  • Alphonso Davies: Vancouver Whitecaps to Bayer for 18 million euros
  • Jerome Boateng: Manchester City to Bayern for 13.5 million euros
  • Mario Gotze: BVB to Bayern for 37  million euros
  • Leroy Sane: Manchester City to Bayern for 40.5 million euros, which could eventually rise up to 40.9 million euros add ons.

This policy shows how Bayern Munich has always been ahead of the curve and had suspected the market inflation, so they set themselves up in such a way in a way that they would see them conquer both the local and international markets. It was a no brainer for other teams to follow the same roadmap as Bayern’s. Real Madrid is the most prominent protagonists of this method after turning their face away from the Galactico signings to investing in talented young youth prospects from around the world, including the signings of Vinicious Jr, Rodrygo Goes, Takefuso Kubo, and Andre Lunin. Manchester City is also looking to stop their spending spree. It has invested in young players, including Nmecha and Oliver Torres, combined with the upcoming talent from the academy in Phil Foden, Eric Garcia, etc. they are well on their way to having a pool of players to choose from.

Feeding clubs have also made themselves well known with this tactic and have started to ask for massive fees from clubs. BVB have set an asking price of 120 million euros for Jadon Sancho. Joelson Fernades of Sporting CP is available for 45 million euros despite being only 17. Clubs do not want to lose their mercurial talents for prices, which they might regret and have set release clauses north of 100 million euros, specifically in the case of Joao Felix. Bayern Munich is undoubtedly the pioneer of this blueprint. Still, in the modern game of football, nothing stays hidden from top clubs who employ tacticians at their helms to counter these measures, and once followers are gained, then it seems impossible to lose them.

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A Historic and Daunting Breakthrough Between Israel and Bahrain

Three weeks back, the United Arab Emirates and Israel had signed a historic Accord that would normalize the UAE and Israel’s relationship, and Israel will cease further annexation of the West Bank for the time being. US President Donald Trump announced that Israel and the United Arab Emirates had a three-way phone call and reached a historic accord that would establish “full normalization of relations.” In exchange, Israel would forgo for now annexation of sovereign West Bank territory that is Palestinian land.

Bahrain and Israel have agreed to develop full diplomatic relations, proclaimed US President Donald Trump on Friday, hailing the agreement as a “historic breakthrough.” In a joint statement, the United States, Bahrain, and Israel said the deal was reached after Trump has spoken with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa on Friday. US President Donald Trump said, “This is a historic step to further stability in the Middle East.”

The agreement comes after Israel and the United Arab Emirates signed a similar deal last month. Bahrain will attend Israel and the UAE for a signing ceremony at the White House on September 15. “It’s inconceivable that this will happen so quickly,” Trump said for the Israel-Bahrain agreement. Trump’s son-in-law and senior White House advisor, Jared Kushner, praised the deal as “the culmination of four years of excellent effort” by the Trump administration. “We see the beginning of a new Middle East, and the President has already secured alliances and allies to try to achieve that,” Kushner said.

“This deal is a significant step towards building a more peaceful, secure, and prosperous Middle East,” Mr. Trump told reporters in a hastily arranged event in the Oval Office during the historic breakthrough of the Israel-UAE agreement. “Now that the ice has been broken, I expect more Arab and Muslim countries will follow the United Arab Emirates’ lead.” Now Bahrain has followed a similar path chosen by the UAE a month back and has normalized the diplomatic ties with Israel.

Palestinian leaders have criticized Arab states for normalizing relations with Israel while maintaining their military occupation of Palestinian territories, arguing that such agreements are threatening to reinforce the status quo. The Palestinian Liberation Organization has said that the Bahrain-Israel agreement was “another deceptive stab to the Palestinian cause.” Israel has annexed Palestinian land after an abased capturing, and the Arab countries continue to abash Palestine and abdicate their loyalty to the Palestinian people and land. The treacherous agreement of UAE and Bahrain are conspicuous yet abstruse.

The agreement between Arab countries and Israel will shape a new module of the Middle East and will involve Israel in trade and diplomatic relations. Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas claimed that peace between Arab countries and Israel “will not happen without the Palestinian issue being resolved or settled.” President Mahmoud Abbas also asserted that the deal between Bahrain, UAE, and Israel wouldn’t b possible “without the regional backing or support.”

Many analysts believe that these agreements and breakthroughs will lessen the surging tensions in the Muslim world and mainly the Middle East and will bolster countries to separate their national interests from the Palestinian issue and grow out of bud without a scorching sun glare of Palestine issue. Many Arab counties have hecatomb and relinquished a lot for Palestine, but now the Arab countries must be eager to expand their diplomatic ties and economy through trade and insight of national interests. 

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The annexation of Palestine: A Daunting and Unsettled Issue

Jerusalem, a land beloved to Muslims, Christians, and Judas to possess holy places for all like, Al-Aqsa Mosque (3rd Holiest place for Muslims), St. James Cathedral for Christians, the wailing wall, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Jews respectively. Jerusalem has always been a cherubic city for which several wars have been marked, and those wars were either amok or inchoate.

The annexation of Palestine, or mainly Jerusalem, can be traced back to the Pre-Roman Empire era. The city had been fought wars for 16 times, destroyed a couple of times, besieged and annexed. Different people claim Jerusalem as their ancestor’s legacy as Jews believe that King David in 1000 B.C conquered Jerusalem and made it the capital of the Jewish empire. In contrast, for Muslims, the Al-Aqsa mosque is the third Holiest place. The annexation and the disturbance in abut can be observed through a timeline of events.

  1. 1917 (Pre-British mandate)

It was the time of World War I, and the war was at its peak, and the British army needed some volunteers to fight for them. At that time, Palestine was absorbed by 94% Muslims led by Ottoman Turks. British call for volunteers led to an agreement between the British and Jews “Balfour agreement”– An agreement between British and Jews that if Jews fight on their front, they will help them settle in Palestine. British army captured Palestine after defeating Ottoman Turks 1400 years reign. In 1920, the British mandate was signed for 28 years.

  • 1918 – 1947 (A Wave of Jewish Community)

The British mandate was an alarming buzzer for the Muslims of Palestine, and due to the mandate, tons of Jews started to flee towards Palestine. Apart from the mandate, Jews began to settle in Palestine due to the “Holocaust” from 1941 – 1945. According to statistics, the Jewish population escalated from 6 to 33%, and 3.76 Million Jews settled in Palestine during these years.

  • 1947 (UN-partition plan {Resolution 181})

In 1947, the United Nations proposed a partition plan that dispensed 55% of land to Jews and 45% to Arabs and put Jerusalem under international control. Arabs were in the majority in Palestine with a ratio of 3: 1, but allocating the majority of the land to Jews was unacceptable, so Arabs of Palestine, along with many countries like Pakistan, India, RSA, Syria, and Libya, etc. rejected the resolution.

  • 1948 (First Arab-Israel War)

After 28 years of the British mandate expired in 1948, this led to the first episodic Arab-Israel war with massive cataclysm and catastrophe, causing several calamities. Israel won the war and captured 78% of once Palestinian land and expelled 7.5 Million Arabs. 22% of Arab land was divided into two segments: West Bank and Gaza Strip. The ceasefire was agreed in 1949, known as the “Armistice Agreement” between Israel, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan. These countries forged a new border, “Armistice Green Line.” Jerusalem was in the West Bank, and the border only made it till 1967.

  • 1967 (Six-Dar War)

In 1967, there came another Six-Day War between Arab-Israel with the preemptive Israel airstrike. Israel occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank historic places and expelled out 3 Million Arabs. Egypt and Syria were also involved in the war, so Israel also captured Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula of Syria and Egypt, respectively. In 1978, Egypt signed a peace agreement with Israel and became the first Muslim state to accept Israel as a state, and Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.

  • 1993/1997 Oslo Accords

These were the first-ever peace talks that were held between Palestine and Israel, and this led to the formation of the Palestinian Authority (PA) that can govern areas of self-rule for five years tenure. This peace talks also led to the fragmentation of the West Bank into three parts.

  • Area A: 3% of land under the PA control that was increased to 18% in 1999.
  • Area B: The PA would govern 22% of the land but Israel will have control of the external security and can invade anytime.
  • Area C: 60% of the land was allotted to PA according to the Oslo Accord, but Israel never gave control to PA.
  • 2020 Present Day

The total area of Palestine and Israel is 26,790 square kilometers, where Israel has 20,770 square kilometer land, and the rest is Palestine, which was complete Palestine’s land till 1920. Modern Palestine includes the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. The total population of Palestinian Arabs is 8 Million, and there are 16 governorates in Gaza and West Bank that govern the regions. Such an atrocity that once a holy land for Muslims has been snatched by the Jews and the World has done nothing but helped them.

  • Israeli Settlement

6 – 7.5 Million Jewish communities started to settle into the Palestinian land marking a new shape of Traditional and Cultural genocide like in Xinjiang and Kashmir. The Jewish settlement is inimical to the 4th Geneva convention. In 2019, USA President Donald Trump monikers it “Not necessarily illegal,” and after that, 250 settlements started to invade in East Jerusalem and West Bank.  10% of the 6.8 Million Jewish population lives in Palestinian lands and are increasing rapidly.

  • Separation Wall and Checkpoints

Since 2002, Israel is building a separation wall violating the Armistice Greenline forged in 1967 and capturing the Palestinian lands. According to the survey, 85% of the wall lies in the West Bank and Palestinian territory. Israeli forces have placed 700 obstacles and 140 checkpoints in the West Bank. People of Palestine require a “work permit” for daily commutes and have to wait hours in queues to pass the checkpoints. Palestinians are not independent, even in their land.

Here are some of the remarks of Palestinian residents regarding the strict checkpoints they have to face every day.

  1. Jerusalem- The Divided City

Jerusalem city is divided into two parts, West and East Jerusalem. West is the majority Jewish community, whereas East Jerusalem is the majority Muslim population. The city had been put under wars, crusades, and many besiege. The city is a significant hub for Muslims, Christians, and Jews due to the legacy of their ancestors and the Holy Places of their respective religions.

  1. Trump Map 2020

USA President Donald Trump had put forward the map of Israel in 2020 that allowed the control of Palestine to Jews and Muslims. On that map, 85% of the land will be under the control of Jews and 15% under Muslim rule. This map also allowed Israel to annex vast parts of the West Bank in the Palestinian territory.

  1. Palestinians Today

There are about 13 Million Palestinians today that live in Israel. 3 Million population lives in West Bank and East Jerusalem, and 2 Million of them live in the Gaza strip. 1.9 Million Arabs live on the Israeli lands, and 5.6 Million have fled to the other Arab countries due to the war waged.

Israel has annexed the land of Palestinians and had incarcerated the Arabs like a parasite. The whole world has witnessed the extremely wicked, shockingly evil, and vile seizure of the Arabs by Israel. Palestinians once enjoyed the gleeful and glorious life under the command of the Ottoman Empire are imprisoned in their own land by Israel. The world paid a deaf ear to the scuffle between Arabs and Jews and had paved the way for Israel to annex Palestine formidably.

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Cristiano Ronaldo Scores Landmark 100th International Goal For Portugal

Cristiano Ronaldo became only the second player ever to score a century of goals on the international stage and the only player still playing to achieve this feat, followed by Sunil Chetri of India and the Argentine sensation Leo Messi. The 35-year-old opened the scoring against Sweden with a sublime free kick in the UEFA Nations League. He is not far off from the first place, which is occupied by Ali Daei,  who scored a total of 109 goals for the Iran national team.

Cristiano was stuck on 99 goals had been waiting for his century for over nine months due to the closure of all the games due to the coronavirus pandemic. He missed the previous game against Croatia due to a leg infection, which Portugal easily won with a scoreline that read 4-1.

It wasn’t long till he scored his 2nd of the game after the break and made it a total of 101 career goals to complete the final scoreline of 2-0. The free-kick was his 57th of his career(the most of any current player )and 10th for the national team.

Cristiano scored his first Portugal goal at the age of 19 in 2004 and has since never looked back. He will be looking to retain the UEFA Nations League trophy, which they won last summer beating against Virgil Van Dijk’s Netherlands 1-0. The Portuguese international will now be heading back to Turin to start the preparations for the new Serie A season and work with the newly appointed head coach Andrea Pirlo.

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Josep Bartomeu Vs Lionel Messi Saga

An 8-2 thumping by Bayern Munich might just have been the final nail in the coffin of Messi’s time in Barcelona. After the treble in 2015, not a single Champions League trophy has returned to Camp Nou, whereas their fierce rivals Real Madrid have won a treble of Champions Leagues. The poor transfer activity in the market with the replacements of Xavi, Iniesta, Neymar, etc. has not shone. One hundred forty (140) million USD and 160 million USD were spent on Dembele and Coutinho, respectively, who, in return, have flopped massively. They were brought in to win the prestigious competition. Still, persistent injury problems to Dembele has kept him on the sidelines, and Coutinho is not even played in his preferred position. In contrast, Arthur, a ray of hope which didn’t come cheap and cost a hefty 54 million USD, was sold for an aging Miralem Pjanic, who commanded the club 60 million euros will be 30 at the time he joins Barcelona.

Messi has a contract till 2021 with Barcelona having a 700 million euros release clause that only a few clubs are capable of paying, two of them being certain PSG and Manchester City. Juventus have the finances available thanks to their shirt sponsors ADIDAS who would not hesitate to inject the cash to bring their most prolific client to Turin to combine him with his longtime rival in Cristiano Ronaldo. Manchester United is another team that can afford him, but Ed Woodward might disagree as they have set their sights on Jadon Sancho.

Josep Bartomeu; the club president is not the only person that has been held responsible for the failed system at Barcelona; in fact, the sporting director Eric Abidal is the person who recommended the big-money signing of Antoine Griezman instead of integrating the famous La Masia products into the first team such as Puig, Konrad, and many others with Sergi Roberto being the last academy player to feature for Barcelona constantly. The latest altercation between the board and Messi was in February. Neymar was the first choice of Messi and had requested the board to resign him only a year later after his world record 222 million USD move to PSG.

On 25th Aug 2020, Lionel Messi handed in a transfer request by sending a fax to the Barcelona Board and asked to terminate his contract and let him leave for free mutually. At first, it was called a hoax, but the very next day, the fax was so-called ‘leaked’ to the media, and Barcelona released a statement confirming Messi’s transfer request. The bombshell dropped by arguably the greatest player of all time on his boyhood team might be the beginning of the end of this love story, after all, as he edges near and near to the exit. Man city seems to be the most probable destination with the most significant pull factor of Pep Guardiola mostly because he and the latter had the most successful years of trophy-laden years of their lives with the treble being the crown jewel of their successful time together.

Barcelona captain Lionel Messi is refusing to sign a contract and insists that he be allowed to leave the Catalan club for a free meanwhile, the club president has denied neither leaving him for free nor negotiating with any club for a fee and has made it clear that any club trying to sign the player must pay the whole release clause.

This whole saga reached an end when Jorge Messi (Father and Lawyer of Messi) released a couple of statements on Friday clearing their stance on all the affiliated parties, i.e., Barcelona alongside Laliga and all but confirmed that he would be staying with his club for the last year of his contract and inflicted that he did not want to get in any legal proceedings with his beloved club. In another exclusive interview, Messi heavily criticized the club President and stated that Mr.Bartomeu  did not keep his promise of letting him leave.

From January 2021, any club will be free to sign a pre-contract with Lionel Messi according to FIFA transfer rules, and Manchester City are the front runners. This move will have a more significant impact on almost all the parties involved, including Manchester City, which will look to further cement their place in Europe’s elite. For Pep Guardiola, it will be another chance to increase the no of trophies in his cabinet, and this might be the first time in his managerial career if he stays more than five years with a single club before taking a sabbatical. For Barcelona as a whole club, it will be a colossal loss who will be without the rightfully called GOAT for the first time in 19 years.

As far as football fans and Premier League are concerned, it will a whole new experience who will have exclusively witnessed the two footballing greats of the beautiful game.

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China’s Horrendous Form of Colonization

The colonization period was established in the early 14th century. The Portuguese colonization in the Eastern coast of South America, Brazil, European settlers started to invade the Central and South-Western parts of Africa, and Spaniards overtook South America. The finesse of capturing the indigenous leaders and coercing the people to provide Spaniards with food and land was the prowess of Spaniards.  Systems like Encomienda, Repartimiento de mercancias, Mita, and Trajan sapped the roots of South America. Leaders like De Toledo, Pizarro, and Hernan Cortes deteriorated the “Inca Empire.” Through these systems of extracting food and gold, forced labor, and exploiting the people, they overruled South America till the mid-19th century.

When the English settlers started to invade in North America in 1585 who were well aware of what happened in South America, the episodic attempts to plant a colony in North Carolina with the aid of “Virginia Company” was a complete fiasco. The Englishmen later realized that they couldn’t sap the people of North America like the encomenderos in South America. People of North America were even persuaded to create Assemblies in a state of rebuttal. The Assemblies believed that they had the right to determine both their membership and right to taxation, and that created a snag and a stumbling hitch for Englishmen. The English elites, rather than trying to coerce the people, they tried time and time again to set up institutions that would heavily restrict economic and political rights for all but a privileged few inhabitants.

In the modern world, a country or people can’t be coerced as Spaniards and Europeans did to South Americans and Africans, respectively. The colonization was never ceased but only forged into a new form and moniker that was to abate the coercion and abash other nations using economy and formal institutions like constitutions, nationwide systems, etc.

China has always been prejudiced and abhorred by other nations for its “Debt Diplomacy”: to indebt economically poor nations with a promising autarky but later on own those nations. Many countries are struggling to pay back Chinese debt like Laos, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and South Africa you name it. Sri Lanka has to pay huge but was unable to pay back, and now port Hambantota is a Chinese port. Pakistan is another Chinese colony due to massive investment in CPEC; Maldives owe $1.5 Billion that is 33% of its annual GDP and is now a significant asset for China in the ASEAN States. China is building a forest city in Malaysia that can home 700,000 people and is owned by China. This is a new era of colonization where you indebt nations, and when they are unable to pay back, China strafes the abject countries and owns their part.

On 30 June 2020, the Chinese Government introduced a national security law in Hong Kong that precludes “acts of rebellion, subversion of state power, terrorist activities and collaboration with international or external forces to threaten national security.” The Hong Kong authorities assert that the law will “only target a tiny minority of people.” Yet, its vague language and global scope raise questions about what it means for foreign travelers and the recovery of tourism in the city once COVID-19 has eased travel restrictions. The dogmatism led by Chinese security law over Hong Kong has created an atmosphere of fear for the countries that are to pay back Chinese debt and muddled their sovereignty. Article 38 of National Security Law allows the prosecution of Hong Kong people even outside Hong Kong, and that’s dreadful and formidable.

China’s act of prosecuting Hong Kong residents was an alarming buzzer, but Article 38 in that law is even horrendous where the Chinese can arrest anyone who is not in Hong Kong. Many countries who owe money to China are a silent colony of China, and they should be worried about what China will do to them in the years to come. Who knows what life holds for us?

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Night of Valour: Will of People That Saved Democracy For Turkey

“In contrast to totalitarianism, a democracy can face and live with the truth about itself.”

A story of a night when a nation stood with dignity and grace against betrayers while paying a great price to preserve its sovereignty. Factions of Turkish military that were linked to Gulen Estero cult try a coup attempt led by a terrorist organization leader or a pious religious cleric, Fetullah Gulen.

On July 15, 11:25 pm, a military group started seizing airports, strategic locations marking their prime targets as TRT (home of Turkey’s national broadcasting), Turkish parliament and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. One hundred soldiers entered TRT building at midnight as it was their prime target, they started taking over channels, and they forced an anchor to report a martial law. The statement said: “The country is currently under a state of emergency. Until a second announcement is made, the curfew stands”.

At 3:20 am troops plotters, flounce at President’s hotel. Fortunately, he left the hotel 15 minutes before the military rebuke, and the hit squad that consisted of putschists missed Erdogan by a few minutes.

From an undisclosed location after midnight, Erdogan addressed the nation via face time on CNN Turk orating; “As a nation lets gather, let’s see what canthey do, while we’re all here. To this day, I’ve not seen a force stronger than that the will of people.” He asked the Turkish to come out of their houses to the streets. A call from Tayyip Erdogan and people poured on the streets unaware of what was going to happen next. A journalist quotes; “It was like coming to a festival.” Turks poured out into the streets despite the sound of explosions and air raids. Soldiers blocked Istanbul’s iconic Bosporus Bridge that connected the Anatolian side to the European side of the country.

Meanwhile the Turkish parliament was also bombed by a fighter jet. Turkey had already experienced coups and military interventions after 1925. But this time a special call blaring from the mosques and a face time from Erdogan took millions to streets. Crowds resisted air bombardments, tank fire and with the help of loyalist soldiers and police forces defeated the coup in a matter of hours. Videos of Turkish citizens went viral as they were seen standing in front of tanks, even as they got run over by them. Unarmed citizens suppressed soldiers; coup plotters surrendered after a failed coup attempt. Turkey’s reaction against the coup showed that it was still a unified nation and a family, as they succeeded in defending the institution of democracy. At 2:51 am, national intelligence of the country claimed that the coup was over. A total of 251 people were killed, and around 2,200 others were wounded as the coup plotters fired on people. Around 35 alleged coup plotters were also killed by citizens. Only days after the coup attempt, on July 22, the Turkish government declared a state of emergency to be able to remove swiftly all the elements of the terrorist organization involved in the coup attempt”.

As of July 20 2016, the purge already had seen over 45,000 military officials, police officers, judges, governors and civil servants arrested or suspended, including 2,700 judges, 15,000 teachers, and every university dean in the country. As a result, 163 generals and admirals were also detained, around 45% of the Turkish military’s total.

The exemplary leadership and unity among citizens of the country showed what a nation truly is and how vital democracy was for them. Erdogan stated, “Until all coup plotters are brought to justice, we will not quit going after them.” July 15 will always be remembered as a night of valor for every Turkish citizen that supported democracy and stood up for the sovereignty of their homeland.

“Presuming they fail, Erdogan authoritarianism gets a lot stronger,”

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New Era of Middle East: UAE and Israel Historic Accord

HISTORY OF JERUSALEM

Jerusalem has been a prized asset for many people throughout history, and a great deal has been fought for. Archaeological work in the region suggests that the city had been settled as far back as 4000BC. The first known name may be Jebusite, a translation of the town of Canaan. Together with the later arrival of the Philistines, they are thought to be the earliest known ancestors of today’s Palestinians. “Philistinians” settled along the Mediterranean coast, which extended from Jaffa to the Gaza Strip, and has been in the territory of Canaan for many generations. That left such an indelible mark, the land of Philistia, or Palestine as it was called, has remained to this day.

UAE-ISRAEL HISTORIC DEAL

Palestine and Israel, foes not neighbors. Israel, a formidable and dreadful nightmare for Palestinians. The conflict between Israel and Palestine began with the establishment of “state of Israel”. In 1948, when Israel forcefully annexed parts of sovereign Palestine, leading to the timeline of episodic eight wars in which two Palestinian intifadas and six Israel-Arab conflicts. Israel continuously annexed more parts of Palestine with time and with US President Donald Trump’s conceptual map would allow Israel to annex huge chunks of the west bank and leave Palestine with 15% of whole once Palestine. US President Donald Trump announced that Israel and the United Arab Emirates had a three-way phone call and reached to a historic accord, that would establish “full normalization of relations”, and in exchange, Israel would forgo for now annexation of sovereign West Bank territory. The call took place between US President Donald Trump, PM Israel Benjamin Netanyahu, crown Prince UAE Muhammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

SALIENT FEATURES

  • Israel and UAE have reached a historic deal that will lead to full normalization of diplomatic relations between two middle Eastern nations and would exchange Ambassadors and embassies.
  • The white house says the agreement will see Israel suspend its plan to annex Palestinian areas of West Bank.

In a surprise announcement at the White House following a three-way call to Israeli and Emirate leaders, Mr. Trump said that the agreement would lead to greater cooperation in investment, tourism, defense, technology, energy and other fields, as the two countries move to allow daily direct passenger flights, open embassies and exchange ambassadors for the first time.

If it were fulfilled, the deal would make the Emirates the only third Arab nation to have normal diplomatic relations with Israel, with Egypt, which signed a peace agreement in 1979, and with Jordan, which signed a treaty in 1994. It could reorder the prolonged stalemate in the region, potentially leading other Arab nations to follow suit by forming an increasingly overt alliance with Israel against their common enemy in Iran while, at least for now, withdrawing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu ‘s explosive annexation initiative.

“This deal is a significant step towards building a more peaceful, secure and prosperous Middle East,” Mr Trump told reporters in a hastily arranged event in the Oval Office. “Now that the ice has been broken, I expect more Arab and Muslim countries will follow the United Arab Emirates’ lead.”

NARRATIVES OF THE ACCORD

  1. One narrative is put on by the Muslim world and call it a morosis and stupid act for normalizing relations with Israel and the Zionists regime that put egregious atrocities over Palestine. Iran calls it a shameful measure of Abu Dhabi to reach an agreement to the fake Zionist regime and a dangerous move. Palestine also recalled its ambassadors to UAE on the president Mahmoud Abbas’s order. Many Muslim countries oversee it as an overtly strategy and alliance to weaken solidarity among Muslim states and start to accept Israel and send ambassadors.
  2. The other narrative is put forward by the Israel and the USA that asserts that this deal is a step forward to curb the regional instability in the Middle East and building peaceful, secure, and prosperous Middle East. UAE speaker for foreign affairs asserted that this deal would put a full stop for further annexation of Palestine West Bank territory.

The prejudice of the Palestinian people towards Israel resulted in the intolerance for the UAE due to this accord. Prime Minister of Israel Netanyahu said that annexation of the West Bank is “on the table”. UAE has extended hands to help a state that slaughtered thousands of Muslims in several wars and annexed third holiest place for Muslims. The facts and insight are conspicuous, yet the bigotry is formidable than the annexation.